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Culture of the Joropo in Colombia

The word joropo comes from the Arabic Xarop meaning syrup. Regarding its origin, it is believed that it has its roots in the Old Continent,

Culture of the Joropo in Colombia


The dance that identifies the llanero man is the joropo. In this dance, the llanero shows his haughtiness, gallantry, machismo and some activities of his natural environment.

According to the teacher Alberto Londoño, the word joropo comes from the Arabic Xarop meaning syrup. Regarding its origin, it is believed that it has its roots in the Old Continent, because apparently, the joropo is born from the flamenco and Andalusian dances that the Spanish missions brought during the colonial era, of which some traits are still preserved (zapateo ) however it is considered that the joropo is not a copy of the European dances in mention.

It is probable that the flamenco and Andalusian flamenco footwear have influenced the initial conformation of our joropo, but with all the elements that they gave in the fusion of the cultures, the joropo and the zapateo is special, they took root in our environment adapting and changing according to the interests and feelings of our communities.

For the above is "our joropo" a dance of corrals, proper for the recreation of our people, the llanero people, with which they celebrate their popular festivals, family, religious and cultural.


The Joropo Dance is characterized by being a couple, where the man subject to the Joropo
woman by both hands. In his thematic, the dance raises the dominion of the man on the woman and on the nature in general, is he who takes the initiative, who determines the figures to realize. The woman limits herself to observe the movements that he makes in front of her and to follow him with skill.

In the joropo dance there are two main positions is rope end. They take both hands keeping some distance and the position of the Valseo, the man passes the right hand by the waist of the woman and with the left holds the right hand of her, while the left rests on the shoulder. When the man tap-dances, the brush woman. The man only stomps when they occur the peal on the harp and / or bandola, that is when he calls the string.

In the joropo dance the following steps or positions are used among others:

The couple usually starts with a slow or fast pace according to the rhythm, then, starting from the first position, the right foot advances a little bit at the same time as the left one and slowly moves back, without lifting them from the ground and sliding them gently, immediately advance the left and back the right, slightly flexing the knees, and so the movement continues alternately. Next to the sound of the peal of the harp or the bandola, "when the rope calls them", the man kicks and the woman brushes.

The first arises spontaneously in the dancer and based on the kind of peal that produces the major instrument. Generally, the sound produced by the horse when galloping is imitated.

The "brush" is used only by women, it is a movement that occurs from the initial position. The right foot is advanced, after leaning slightly on the left foot to immediately reverse the starting position. The right foot is advanced, after leaning slightly on the left foot to immediately reverse the position, the feet are gently rubbed on the ground and quickly; the legs are extended. Like valseo, the "escobillao" shows the grace and elegance of the llanera woman.

Other steps of the popular joropo that are given in general form are the guire, zamuro in tazajera, gabán taking pescao, the arm of the dog.

The choreography of the passage is the same as the joropo but in a slow way as music requires.


The typical instruments of llanera music are harp, cuatro, tiple and maracas.

ARPA: brought to the plains in the year of 1953 and which the Indians learned to interpret in a unique way.

FOUR: Venezuelan guitar with four strings and from there comes the name "cuatro" which not only accompanies the voice but also the harp and the maracas.

TIPLE: Fortunate imitation of the guitar which the natives learned to interpret. Consisting of 4.5 and 6 gut strings.

MARACAS: Constituted by a small pumpkin inside and its executor must always remain standing.

Because "occupation of maraquero office pa condemn the seated musicians and the maraquero parao".



Due to the weather a simple dress is worn.

The man wears: hat to protect him from the weather and its inclemency.

The shirt and pants that are the garments that cover your body.

Liquiliqui evolution of the garrasí trousers and the cachicamita shirt, can be made in white or dark blue colors.

The woman has her hair combed elegantly and adorned with ribbons or some flowers.

Wear a simple skirt with light colors and a neckline with short sleeves.

Both the man and the woman dance with cotizas or barefoot.

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